NT Greek Stripped Down
Mastering Greek Essentials in Conjunction with Bible Software

Danny Zacharias, edited by Tim McLay

The First Introductory Greek Grammar to Fully Embrace Bible Software in the Learning Process!

New Testament Greek Stripped Down is a unique introductory Greek grammar which seeks to provide students with an understanding of the essentials of Greek grammar while equipping them to make immediate use of Greek for exegesis using Logos Bible Software.


What makes NT Greek Stripped Down unique:

~Equips Students to Immediately To Make Use Of Greek~
Instead of shunning Bible Software as a crutch, this textbook fully embraces the use of Bible software and equips the student to make immediate use of Greek in exegesis through the training and use of Logos Bible software for exegesis in the primary language.

~Built For The Next Generation~
NT Greek Stripped Down is published by Scholar's Publishing, an academic ePublisher. Available for purchase or to rent, the textbook is accessible in any web browser. This means an affordable price and all the richness that technology provides like color fonts, color images, live links, and interactive menus. (paperback version also available)

~Rich Use of Multimedia~
Numerous videos to help understand grammar and learn Logos Bible software are linked throughout the book, as well as ready-made online flashcards to help users remember the core elements of each chapter. 

~Designed To Work In One Or Two Semesters~
Ideal for schools that require only one semester of Greek but also want to equip their students to go further in Greek studies when needed as well. For schools that want the flexibility of offering 1 or 2 semesters of Greek, this book is designed to accommodate.

~Compatible with the Author's Apps and Multimedia Offerings~
Compatibility for NT Greek Stripped Down is built into FlashGreek Pro and ParseGreek apps to enrich the learning experience. In addition, The Singing Grammarian is also drawn upon throughout the text.

~Up to Date and Accurate Scholarship~
This introduction to Greek makes use of and teaches students the latest in Greek scholarship, particularly on components related to Greek verbs.

~Video Lessons Available~
For self-learners or students needing additional teaching time, the author has created video lectures to accompany the textbook. The video course is available on the author's own platform, and is available on any device. In the Udemy video course, students have access to video lectures for every chapter, with accompanying PDF slides, AND the ability to ask questions of the author directly within the course! The Logos Tutorial video course referenced in the grammar is also available.

~Affordable~
Not only is the textbook (in its digital form) more affordable than any other current intro Greek grammar, but the companion workbook, video course, and multimedia offerings are all priced with students in mind as well.

 

 

Table of Contents

 

The Essential Introduction    1

Chapter 1: Signs and Sounds of Greek Stripped Down    9

    1.1: The Greek Alphabet    9

    1.2: Greek Vowels    11

        1.2.1: Vowel Contraction    11

    1.3: Greek Consonants    12

        1.3.1: The Sigma with a Liquid    12

        1.3.2: The Sigma with the Stops    12

    1.4: Jots and Tittles in Greek    13

        1.4.1: Breathing Marks    13

        1.4.2: Accent Marks    14

        1.4.3: Punctuation Marks    15

        1.4.4: Diaeresis, Crasis, Elision    15

        1.4.5: Greek Syllables    16

    1.5: The Least You Need to Know    16

    1.6: Greek@Logos    17

    1.7: Vocabulary    18

    1.8: The Second Time Around    20

Chapter 2: Greek Nouns Stripped Down    21

    2.1: Greek Inflection    21

    2.2: Noun Cases    22

    2.3: Noun Gender    24

    2.4: Noun Number    24

    2.5: Noun Lexical Form    25

    2.6: Noun Declensions    25

    2.7: Noun Case Endings    26

        2.7.1: 1st Declension    26

        2.7.2: 2nd Declension    27

        2.7.3: 3rd Declension    28

    2.8: Noun Parsing    31

    2.9: The Least You Need to Know    31

    2.10: Greek@Logos    32

    2.11: Vocabulary    33

    2.12: The Second Time Around    33

Chapter 3: Case Functions Stripped Down    35

    3.1: Nominative    35

        3.1.1: Simple Subject    35

        3.1.2: Predicate Nominative    36

        3.1.3: Apposition    36

    3.2: Genitive    36

        3.2.1: Possessive    37

        3.2.2: Genitive of Relationship    37

        3.2.3: Attributive Genitive    37

        3.2.4: Apposition    37

        3.2.5: Genitive of Comparison    37

        3.2.6: Subjective Genitive    38

        3.2.7: Objective Genitive    38

        3.2.8: Genitive of Time    38

        3.2.9: Genitive as Direct Object    38

        3.2.10: Descriptive    39

    3.3: Dative    39

        3.3.1: Indirect Object    39

        3.3.2: Dative of Interest    39

        3.3.3: Dative of Reference    39

        3.3.4: Apposition    39

        3.3.5: Dative of Sphere    40

        3.3.6: Dative of Time    40

        3.3.7: Dative of Association    40

        3.3.8: Dative of Means (Instrumental)    40

        3.3.9: Dative of Cause    40

    3.4: Accusative    41

        3.4.1: Direct Object    41

        3.4.2: Double Object    41

        3.4.3: Apposition    41

    3.5: Nouns in the DBL Greek Lexicon    41

        3.5.1: A Word on Semantic Domains    42

        3.5.2: An Analysis of a DBLGreek Noun Entry    44

            3.5.2.1: Lexical Form, Stem, Gender, and Part of Speech    44

            3.5.2.2: Links to Hebrew Equivalents, Strong’s, and TDNT    44

            3.5.2.3: Louw & Nida Number    45

            3.5.2.4: Gloss    45

            3.5.2.5: Brief Explanation, Greek Example, and Scripture Example    45

        3.5.3: DBLGreek Noun Example    46

        3.5.4: Reading a Louw & Nida Entry    46

        3.5.5: Determining The Semantic Domain For A Word Instance    47

    3.6: The Least You Need to Know    47

    3.7: Greek@Logos    48

    3.8: Vocabulary    48

    3.9: The Second Time Around    49

Chapter 4: Greek Indicative Verbs Stripped Down    51

    4.1: Verb Basics    51

        4.1.1: Types of Verbs    51

        4.1.2: The Efficiency of Greek Verbs    52

        4.1.3: Greek Aspect    53

    4.2: Components of a Greek Verb    54

        4.2.1: Tense    55

            4.2.1.1: Present Tense    55

            4.2.1.2: Imperfect Tense    55

            4.2.1.3: Future Tense    55

            4.2.1.4: Aorist Tense    56

            4.2.1.5: Perfect Tense    56

            4.2.1.6: Pluperfect Tense    56

        4.2.2: Voice    57

        4.2.3: Mood    57

        4.2.4: Person    57

        4.2.5: Number    58

    4.3: How Greek Indicative Verbs are Formed    58

        4.3.1: The Indicative Slot Machine    58

            4.3.1.1: Slot 1: Augment    60

            4.3.1.2: Slot 2: Reduplication    60

            4.3.1.3: Slot 3: Verb Stems    60

            4.3.1.4: Slot 4: Tense Suffixes    61

            4.3.1.5: Slot 5: Connecting Vowel    62

            4.3.1.6: Slot 6: Primary and Secondary Endings    62

    4.4: Strong Verb Example    63

        4.4.1: Verb Translation    64

    4.5: Verb Parsing    67

    4.6: The Last Word    68

    4.7: The Least You Need to Know    68

    4.8: Greek@Logos    69

    4.9: Vocabulary    69

    4.10: The Second Time Around    71

Chapter 5: Alternative Pattern Indicative Verbs and Principal Parts     73

    5.1: Greek Principal Parts    73

    5.2: Different Types of Verbs    80

        5.2.1: Lexical Middle Verbs    80

        5.2.2: Contract Verbs    81

        5.2.3: Compound Verbs    83

        5.2.4: 2nd Aorist Verbs    86

        5.2.5: μι Verbs    87

            5.2.5.1: εἰμί    88

    5.3: The Least You Need to Know    89

    5.4: Greek@Logos    89

    5.5: Vocabulary    90

    5.6: The Second Time Around    91

Chapter 6: The Article, Adjectives, Pronouns, and Numbers    93

    6.1: Twenty-four Ways to Say “The”    93

        6.1.1: How the Article is Formed    93

        6.1.2: What the Article Can Do    94

            6.1.2.1: Make Something Definite    94

            6.1.2.2: Act Like a Pronoun    94

            6.1.2.3: Rope in a Prepositional Phrase    95

    6.2: Adjectives    96

        6.2.1: How Adjectives are Formed    96

            6.2.1.1: Comparatives and Superlatives    97

        6.2.2: What Adjectives Can Do    98

            6.2.2.1: Attribute Value to a Noun    98

            6.2.2.2: Act Like a Noun (act substantivally)    99

            6.2.2.3: Act as a Predicate Nominative    100

    6.3: Pronouns    100

        6.3.1: How Pronouns are Formed    101

        6.3.2: Personal Pronouns    101

            6.3.2.1: 1st and 2nd Person Personal Pronoun    102

            6.3.2.2: 3rd Person Personal Pronoun    102

        6.3.3: Pronouns That Act Like Adjectives    103

            6.3.3.1: Special Functions of the 3rd Person Personal Pronoun    103

            6.3.3.2: Demonstrative Pronouns    103

            6.3.3.3: Correlative and Possessive Pronouns    105

        6.3.4: Pronouns That Introduce a Dependent Clause    105

            6.3.4.1: Relative Pronouns    105

            6.3.4.2: Indefinite Relative Pronouns    106

        6.3.5: Pronouns That Ask a Question    106

            6.3.5.1: Interrogative Pronouns    106

            6.3.5.2: Qualitative and Quantitative Interrogative Pronouns    107

        6.3.6: More Pronouns Acting Like Pronouns    107

            6.3.6.1: Indefinite Pronouns    107

            6.3.6.2: Reflexive, Reciprocal, and Negative Pronouns    108

    6.4: Numbers    108

        6.4.1: Cardinals    108

        6.4.2: Ordinals    110

    6.5: The Least You Need to Know    110

    6.6: Greek@Logos    111

    6.7: Vocabulary    111

    6.8: The Second Time Around    112

 

Chapter 7: Adverbs, Prepositions, Phrases, and Clauses    117

    7.1: Adverbs    117

    7.2: Prepositions    117

        7.2.1: Preposition Forms    119

        7.2.2: Preposition Functions    119

    7.3: More Little Words    121

        7.3.1: Conjunctions    121

        7.3.2: Interjections    122

        7.3.3: Particles    122

    7.4: Word Groups    122

        7.4.1: Phrases    124

        7.4.2: Clauses    124

            7.4.2.1: Independent Clauses    124

            7.4.2.2: Dependent, Participle, and Infinitive Clauses    124

            7.4.2.3: Dependent Clause Introducers    125

    7.5: Syntax and Bible Software    126

    7.6: The Least You Need to Know    126

    7.7: Greek@Logos    127

    7.8: Vocabulary    127

    7.9: The Second Time Around    129

Chapter 8: Participles Stripped Down    131

    8.1: Participle Description    131

    8.2: How Participles Are Formed    132

    8.3: What a Participle Can Do, pt.1    136

        8.3.1: Participle Acting Like An Adjective    136

        8.3.2: Participle Acting Like a Verb    137

    8.4: The Least You Need to Know    137

    8.5: Greek@Logos    138

    8.6: Vocabulary    138

    8.7: The Second Time Around    139

Chapter 9: Participle Functions    141

    9.1: What a Participle Can Do    141

        9.1.1: Periphrastic Participle    141

        9.1.2: Genitive Absolute    142

        9.1.3: Adverbial Participle    142

    9.2: Understanding Participle Function and Translation    144

        9.2.1: The Subject of an Adverbial Participle    147

        9.2.2: The Tense Of A Participle    148

    9.3: The Least You Need to Know    148

    9.4: Greek@Logos    149

    9.5: Vocabulary    149

    9.6: The Second Time Around    150

Chapter 10: Non-Indicative Verbs    151

    10.1: Introduction    151

    10.2: Subjunctive Mood    152

        10.2.1: How the Subjunctive is Formed    152

        10.2.2: Understanding Subjunctive Translation and Function    154

            10.2.2.1: Subjunctive in Independent Clauses    155

            10.2.2.2: Subjunctive in Dependent Clauses    156

        10.2.3: Conditional Sentences    157

    10.3: Imperative    158

        10.3.1: How the Imperative is Formed    158

        10.3.2: Understanding Imperative Translation and Function    160

    10.4: Optative    161

    10.5: The Least You Need to Know    163

    10.6: Greek@Logos    163

    10.7: Vocabulary    164

    10.8: The Second Time Around    165

Chapter 11: Infinitives Stripped Down    167

    11.1: Infinitive Description    167

    11.2: How Infinitives Are Formed    167

    11.3: What An Infinitive Can Do    169

        11.3.1: Infinitive as Subject (nominative)    169

        11.3.2: Infinitive as Object (accusative)    169

        11.3.3: Appositional Infinitive or Epexegetical Infinitive (accusative)    170

        11.3.4: Infinitive in Indirect Discourse    170

        11.3.5: Complementary Infinitive    171

        11.3.6: Adverbial Infinitive    171

    11.4: Understanding Infinitive Function and Translation    173

        11.4.1: The Sort-of-Subject of an Infinitive    175

        11.4.2: The Tense Of An Infinitive    176

    11.5: The Least You Need to Know    176

    11.6: Greek@Logos    177

    11.7: Vocabulary    177

    11.8: The Second Time Around    178

 

Where Do I Go From Here?    179

 

Appendix A: Additional Vocabulary Lists    181

Appendix B: Principal Parts    197

Appendix C: Nouns in the BDAG Lexicon    201

Appendix D: Glossary    207